Sura 92 Word and Letter Counts Bring Surprising Revelations

This represents Ulam’s Number Spiral , where a doodle (this image) revealed unexpected previously-unknown diagonal patterns in prime numbers. The name ”Ulam” is similar to the Arabic root for ”knowledge” or “scholar.”

This study brought entirely unexpected results on closer examination. The Quran expresses its message, its truth, in powerful and eloquent words, and also within these words, numerical relationships of precision and beauty, using the language of math like a true language, complete with nuance, even rhyme and reason, certainly complexity that is beyond the scope of my knowledge. To interpret them requires viewing numbers as more than mere quantitative bits of data. No, they have qualities and are symbolic as well, which doesn’t occur in a vacuum but rather in their context — in the world around us, in life and everything else. Here are numbers that give precision to this sura’s beauty, and reveal how much Allah has put into simply guiding us. Imagine then this is from Allah the Almighty All-Merciful, and imagine Who then is Allah and what does He give us in this Quran — nothing less than a lifeline to His love. 

Above is a translation of Surat Al-Layl 92 showing its basic arrangement as described in my previous post on the meaning of this sura 92. That arrangement is clarified in the graphic above, showing a modified ring composition:

  • 5 sections A/ B/ A’/ B’/ A”labeled above relating to “this world” (al-dunya) first and “the Hereafter” (al-akhira) after. This arrangement divides the sura in half, divided by a central section where Allah the Exalted asserts His Authority over both this world and the Hereafter. Analogous to the central aya in Al-Fatiha asserting the same, as Malik Yom Al-Deen (1:4).
  • 3 color-coded sections relating to who is the subject or focus of those verses: yellow for Allah’s role and perspective, bluegreen for the “reverent” and orange for the “deniers.” This arrangement clearly augments and highlights the meaning of the text. 

In this post we discuss the amazing numbers derived from word and letter counts and how they relate to and even clarify the meaning of the sura. The above graphic can aid as a single reference point. As always, the letter waw و is counted as a word, per the scholar Dr. Al-Kaheel, as well as a letter.

Brief Synopsis of the Findings

For those with no time to read the fascinating details of this analysis of the numbers, or want to have an idea of what the conclusions are, here are some interpretive highlights:

  1. The entire genetic code of all life is transferred from this world to the Hereafter, but only the righteous will be able to live in that world, because the deniers denied it existed. They will also be denied Allah’s glorious presence, having not purified themselves by giving to others. 
  2. Multiplying the value of every single good deed done sincerely in this life by 10x creates a “celestial currency” toward the Hereafter. The total of these celestial numbers here is 1,000, the most quintessential celestial number like a fulfillment. The “currency” of this world is worthless in the Hereafter and God only “converts” deeds of giving and compassion into that celestial currency this way. 
  3. Analysis of the data shows that our “free will choices” good deeds need contribute only about 14% to the total, and Allah’s mercy supplies about 86%. And this number 86 is also the total number of all word counts (representing Allah’s input) in this sura. (We need not take this literally, but shows Allah’s immense help to humans both in this world as guidance and in the overall system of His justice.) This is based on data from this sura alone.
  4. Each category of person — believer or denier — gets what they worked for in their chosen “venue”: this world or the Hereafter. But this world is temporary and so is its reward, whereas the reward in the Hereafter is both eternal and alive in the glorious Presence of Allah the beloved. 
  5. The sura number 92 itself expresses the very theme of this sura as well as its intended audience. 
  6. Multiples of 5 (representing “hands” or “deeds”) and 7 appear significantly in this sura, which contains, including factors, 19 different prime numbers. There are 21 multiples of 7 in these counts, the same as the number of verses in this sura, and perfectly reflecting its structure pictured above. 
  7. The matched sets are 11 verses — 4 pairs and one set of 3 — that make important connections between opposites and also equivalencies showing Allah’s justice.
  8. And many more details showing the perfection and beauty of this sura’s entirety. 

The graphics below show the original Arabic from which the counts were derived, In addition to the sections shown in the graphic above, there are 5 sets of matching ayat with the exact same word and letter counts (4 pairs + a set containing 3 ayat) shown in matching text colors below, discussed separately later. 

Section and Verse Word/Letter Counts

Sura 92 Al-Layl

Introduction: A17 words, 55 letters, 72 total – this section’s meaning is explained here. Re the numbers, 17 is the only instance of this number here, and is also the number of words in sura 112 Al-Ikhlas (the only whole sura with this word count), essentially proclaiming Allah’s being in a category by Himself. The 55 letters represent Allah’s “deeds” as “two hands,” symbolically telling us all this is in Allah’s “hands.” (Which, by His will and plan, do not interfere with “free will.”) The total 72 relates to the “12th house/chamber,” as 72 = 6 (us, made of “carbon’s” “dark mud”) x 12 (completion of a “cycle”), introducing this sura’s subject: where we fit (and can best benefit) in His plan. 

This Worldly Life: B28 words, 100 letters, total 128 – note the symmetrical difference in extra weight for the deniers in “this worldly life” between 92:5 and 92:8 with one more each word and letter (a 2 point total) representing Allah’s “help” (extra word) and our deeds (in this life). Here the apparently lesser amount of 20 is actually a “celestial number” whose value accrues to the Hereafter whereas 22 (associated with “success/mastery”) is not (in this sura). These ayat are followed by two equivalent “matching” ayat showing Divine justice/fairness. It’s the extra 4th aya/verse (in orange) that shows the denier on his own placed his goal in this world, and he received it. The number 28 matches the bluegreen total words, as if to say the denier gave it to himself in this world, whereas for the righteous it was written for him in his totality, which includes and is fulfilled in the Hereafter. 

Allah’s Authority: A’ – 9 words, 31 letters, total 40 – the total is a “celestial” number (explained later) at the “heart” (4 representing heart x 10 celestial value) of the matter. It represents Allah as maalik yom al-deen (Owner/Master of Judgment Day) as referred to in Al-Fatiha where these words are verse 4, and the letter count 31 is the word count of Al-Fatiha, where dunya and akhira are presented inversely to this sura. Also 40 relates to maturity and prophethood – the Quran (referred to below as “guidance” in 92:12) being the most “mature” message, as it is for all humankind in all “worlds:” eras, cultures, nations, languages, etc. including the language of numbers. The 9 relates to sura 9 Al-Tawba (Repentance) in the Ramadan position, the “opening” between the 8th house of the “throne” in the Scorpio position (in sura 8, “war booty” or Al-Anfal) — wherein lies the intersection of life and death, also between this world and the Hereafter, also as the title of sura 8 indicates, “other people’s property” — and the 9th where we are shown how to repent from our excesses, but there is no separation of a Basmalah between them. To “return” is a matter of our own free will or choice. What happens after that is, in the words of 92:13 “unto Us,” Allah the Almighty All-Merciful. Note both totals below are multiples of 5. 

Hereafter: B’29 words, 117 (3•13) letters, total 146 (100+46 or 2•73), excluding aya 21 with its counts on the aya itself as Section A”.  If one thinks of the number 146 as “100+46” the number 46 (total human chromosomes 23 pairs) indicates this is for humanity, and 100 is a “celestial” value. If one considers it as (2•73), 73 is the 21st prime and 21 is the number of ayat in this sura. The “weight” of the righteous one’s reward totals 90 (totals shown below) in the Hereafter, 11 more than the denier got in this world, the same number 11 he got denying a reward in the Hereafter (92:9), as if to show that his “achievement” in aya 11 was transferred as the aya number into the Hereafter, and then “reflected” in the success of his former “companions” in this world who were believers. But because he denied and refused it, he cannot in the Hereafter obtain it. 

Final aya is Allah’s promise fulfilled and also A”.

B’ bluegreen + A”: 21 words, 81 letters, 102 total.

Summary: A Basic Data Set

Sections by Letters (This World & the Hereafter)

Section A: 17 words (prime), 55 letters (5•11), 72 total (2³•3²)

Section B: 28 words (2²•7), 100 letters (2²•5²), total 128 (2^7)

  • Section B bluegreen (92:5-7) 10 (2•5) words, 39 (3•13) letters, 49 total (7•7)
  • Section B orange (92:8-11) 18 words, 61 letters (prime), total 79 (prime) 

Section A’: 9 words (3²), 31 (prime) letters, total 40 (2³•5)

Section B’: 29 words, 117 (3•13) letters, total 146 (2•73)

  • Section B’ orange (92:14-16) 11 (prime) words, 45 (3²•5) letters, total 56 (2³•7) letters 
  • Section B’ bluegreen  (92:17-20) 18 words (2•3²), 72 letters (6•12 or 2³•3²) total 90 (2•3²•5)

Section A”: 3 words, 9 letters, total 12 (2²•3)

B’ bluegreen + A”: 21 words (4•7), 81 letters (3⁴) , 102 total (2•3•17)

Total Dunya half: A + B totals: 72+128 = 200 (2³•5²)

  • Dunya words A+B: 17+28 = 45 (3²•5)
  • Dunya letters A+B: 55+100 = 155 (5•31)

Total Akhira half: B’ + A” totals: 146+12 = 158 (2•79)

  • Akhira words B’ + A” totals: 29+3 = 32 (2⁵)
  • Akhira letters B’ + A” totals: 117+9=126 (2•3²•7)

(A’ represents Allah’s role as Authority over both)

Color-coded totals

Total yellow sections: 29 words, 95 letters (5•19), total 124 (4•31)

Total bluegreen sections: 28 words (4•7), 111 (3•37) letters, 139 total (prime)

Total orange sections: 29 words, 106 letters (2•53), 135 total (3³•5 or 5•27)

Matched Set totals 

(see table under Matched set Heading)

  • Total matched set verses: 11
  • Total unmatched set verses: 10
  • Total words matched sets: 20
  • Total words unmatched sets: 43 (prime)
  • Total letters matched sets: 74 (2•37)
  • Total letters unmatched sets: 153 (3•17)
  • Totals w+l matched sets: 94 (2•47)
  • Totals w+l unmatched sets: 196 (4•7•7)

Entire Sura Totals

86 words (2•43), 312 letters (2•12•13) = 398 total (2•199)

Add Sura #92: 398+92 = 490 (7²•10) (70•7)

A word on Entire Sura Totals: I added the sura number (92) because this is a total for the whole sura, whose number already has a clear relationship with other counts within the sura such as 11 (its sum of digits) and 18 (product of its digits). 

The factors of the suras’ entire letter count 312 (2•12•13) relate to its structure: divided into 2 parts (dunya and akhira) with verses #12 and 13 in the center

Note that these are cumulative totals and do not include individual verse counts, which I will consider separately where appropriate. First, we examine the totals. 

Analyzing the Numbers 

How many numbers are there in the above data set? How many primes? How many significant multiples are there? What other meaningful relationships exist between these numbers? What about data left out of these counts? All these questions are answered below:

  • BASIC DATA SET: Not counting the factors or verse counts but only the basic counts in bold above, there are a total of 58 (2×29) numbers. Further analysis will yield more numbers, so we shall call these our Basic Data Set. 
  • INDIVIDUAL VERSE COUNTS: These are not included in the Basic Data set but I shall consider them in certain types of counts. These counts are 3 for each verse (words, letters, total) in 21 verses: 3•21=63 numbers (many of which are repeats). 
  • PRIMES: Of these 58 numbers, there are 9 unique and 12 total primes (interestingly 9+12=21, the number of verses in this sura, 12 has reverse digits of 21). They are 3, 11 (2x), 17, 29 (3x), 31, 43, 61, 79, and 139 — which represent the 2nd, 5th, 7th, 10th, 11th, 14th, 18th, 22nd, and 34th primes respectively. The parentheses indicate primes that appear more than once. Thus 11 (the 5th prime) appears twice and 29 (the 10th prime) appears three times. (Which makes 5 primes whose ordinal number is a multiple of 5.)
  • MULTIPLES OF TEN: 100 (B-letters), 10 (B-believers), 40 (A’-total), 200 (A+B total), 90 (B’ total), 10 (total ayat unmatched sets), 20 (total words matched sets), 490 (totals for entire sura+sura number). These are 8 numbers from the total counts above, making them about 12% of the Basic Data Set. Within the verse (v) counts are also 2 multiples of ten: 20 (v5 total), 20 (v20 letters). Making a total of 10 multiples of 10 in this sura
  • MULTIPLES OF SEVEN: 28 (4•7) (B words), 49 (7²) (B-believers total), 56 (2³•7) (B’-deniers total), 21 (3•7) (B’-believers + A” words), 126 (2•3²•7) (B’+A” akhira total letters), 28 (2²•7) (total believers words), 196 (2²•7²) (total unmatched sets words+letters), 490 (7²•10) (total words+letters in sura + sura number). Making a total of 8 multiples of 7. Out of a total of 58, this is about 12% of the Basic Data set. This is not counting individual verse counts, of which there are another 13 multiples of 7. (Of which four are 14.) Making a total of 21 multiples of 7 in this sura or 3×7. The same number as the total verses in this sura, and itself a multiple of 7. Even more amazingly, this matches the basic structural design of this sura as 3 color sections of 7 ayat each which gives the other structures their meaning and significance. 
  • MULTIPLES OF 5: First, all multiples of ten above are also multiples of 5. So we add to those 8 from the basic data set the following: 55 (A letters), 45 (B’ denier letters), 45 (A+B words), 45 (A+B letters), 95 (yellow letters), 135 (orange total). This gives us 8+6=14 total multiples of five. Out of a total of 58 letters this is about 24%. We can add to this basic data set total the individual verse data, adding the verses’ ten-multiples count above (2) to: 5 (v5 words), 15 (v5 letters), 15 (v7 total), 15 (v10 total), 15 (v12 total), 25 (v13 total), 5 (v20 words), 25 (v20 total), totaling 8+2=10 multiples of 5 in the verses. Adding this ten to our 14 count above, gives us a total of 24 multiples of 5 in this sura

So of the 58 numbers, 12 (a significant Quranic number) are primes. This means that we have a total of 58-12=46 composite numbers. If you divide the sura number 92 by 2, you also get 46, the number of composite numbers. This number 42 also happens to be the full number of chromosomes in the human genome (as 23 pairs or 46). Although it is not the number of chromosomes that determines a species, the 23 pairs of chromosomes of humans are, as far as I have been able to determine, only shared by a Chinese sub-species of deer. So it can be used in that sense as a single-number identifier for humanity. Note that prophet Mohammad revealed the Quran over 23 years. One can think of this number (23 or 46) in modern terms as possibly identifying humans in some way. In fact even variant types of ancient humans such as Neanderthals and Denisovans are also thought to have had 23 chromosome pairs. So in this light, sura 92 is focused on humanity and how its “endeavors” — the direction in which people focus their lives — diverge into two groups: believers or “those who give and are reverent” and deniers or “those who deny and are arrogant.” This difference and how it plays out in this world and the next is the heart of this sura, what it means and its message.

Why composite numbers? Because what makes them composite is that they can be divided, like people, again the central theme of this sura. The various numbers that divide them in this sura are of course limited. 

The total prime factors used by this set of composite numbers in this sura are: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 29, 31, 37, 43, 47, 53, 61, 73, 79, 139, 199. The number 199 is the 49th prime. It is also the 21st prime in the group from 100-200m. From 1-100, this group of primes is missing 8 out of 25 total: {23, 41, 59, 67, 71, 83, 89, 97}. Since there are only 2 primes from 100-200 — 139 and 199, the 37th and 49th respectively — the remaining “missing” primes in that subset would total 21-2=19. Counting the list above, you can see this sura contains 19 prime factors. And since these include the primes that occur as individual numbers in the Basic Data Set (not counting the numbers in individual verses), we can say that sura 92 contains 19 primes (in its totals including factors) meaning we added ten primes to our Basic Data set as unique primes (noting the factors are listed as unique not including repetitions). 

Note that the first 8 prime factors form the normal series of primes in numerical order. Then we are missing the prime number 23, which is a factor in the sura number 92 as mentioned above, but the sura name is not included in the text, and these are text-based results, so I didn’t include it here. Also this factor’s significance forms an overarching relationship to the meaning of the whole sura on its own. Also, the remaining primes in this group are 19-8=11, a number that appears in studying this sura in interesting ways. 

Other significant numbers:

  • The color-coded sections are very close in size, as 3 sections with 7 ayat each. Note that 3•7=21, the number of verses in this sura. These are then arranged in the AB-lettered sections in sets of 7 verses: 3 verses followed by 4 verses. This follows a {3,4} pattern found throughout the Quran as a meaningful structure. 
  • Their totals are 29 for the yellow and orange sections, and 28 for the bluegreen. 
  • 29 is the largest prime repeated more than 2x. The total numbers in the basic data set are 58=2•29. It is, along with 28 and 30, an approximate length for a month. 

The number 11: Notice that there are 

  • two 11’s (#/matched sets and B’ orange words) 
  • three 29’s whose sum of digits is 11 and whose digits are the reverse of the sura number 92 
  • whose digits also add to 11
  • The central verse of this sura is also aya number 11, and it is the last aya in the “Dunya” section B of the sura for “this world.” Essentially, 11 is the median of 21, the number of verses; the concept of “median” is like the “chiasmus” of math — just like the chiastic center of a text is its median or midpoint. In this example, it is, as the median of 21, the median verse of this 21-verse sura. 
  • And there are 3 verses that contain 11 letters each, which happen to be the only Matched Set with 3 verses, making it distinct from the others. This gives us a total of eight  11-related numbers, but only 2 are from the Basic Data Set. Sums of digits are not a standard metric here, but I mention this because of its relationship to the sura number 92 and its reverse digits 29. 
  • An interesting correlation involving 11 is described in the section B’ explanation above for the Section and Verse Counts. 

Interpretation: Finding Meaning in the Numbers

The difference in sheer volume of words and letters between the righteous and deniers (shown in the total) in the Dunya (this world) section is quite large: deniers have (79-39=) 30 total “points” more than the righteous – 8 more words, 22 more letters. Notice the total for the deniers in this life is 79, the 22nd prime, matching the letter increase of 22 just mentioned. It’s also the total for orange aya 92:8. The number 22 usually denotes mastery or fulfillment, and these are even numbers one could think of as “pairs,” essential to life and fertility, showing how the denier got the success he wanted “in this worldly life.” Clearly the deniers dominate here. 

But life in this world is temporary, hence in the crucial aya 11 — a factor of 22 — we read that this success will not benefit the denier after he perishes, he too being temporary. He thought this world was all there is, hence his “values” or what he thought would bring success, measured in the monetary currency of this world, were all temporary. And he thought as human he was supreme, that there’s no Supreme Power, nothing over him, the “apex predator.” The chiastic center of 11 is 5, representing “hands.” This is what he did with his hands. Verses 12 and 13 add to 25 or 5² — as 5 to the second power in the section regarding Allah’s authority, this represents the “Hands” of Allah intervening here, as if to say, Not so fastwhere are your deeds

The righteous’ total is likewise significantly larger than that of the deniers in the Hereafter where they dominate, the difference being 90-56= 34 total (4 more than the difference of 30 above), with 7 more words and 27 more letters. This is actually one less word increase but more letters, a pattern seen in the verses that mention the two sides of the balance scales, possibly because deniers needed more warnings or Divine help. The difference in net gain in letters for each (righteous and deniers) in their venue (dunya/akhira) of dominance is (27-22) 5, symbolizing “hands” or what the righteous people did, again indicating the primacy of charitable acts. 

Note that 34 is an auspicious {3,4} number combination (referred to above). The numbers 30 and 34 represent the total net gain for the deniers and righteous people respectively. If you add the 2 totals you get 30 + 34 = 64, the number of codons in the entire genetic code of all life. Again, this is the book of Allah the Omniscient, who created all life, so these are not random numbers. No human writes books the way Allah does. 

The number 64 is 8×8, eight being a number associated with paradise. And this sura 92, on the Quranic architecture chart, is in the 8th house/chamber in the 8th “year”/cycle, which can be symbolically represented as 8×8=64, indicating something about its significance in the Quran — both as importance and meaning. If instead we added 8+8=16, and since the sura is involved here, added to this the sum of digits of its number 92, 11, we get 27, the same number as the net gain of the righteous’ letters in the Hereafter. It’s as if the 11 words of the denier in the Hereafter B’ were given to the righteous. 

Looking at the percentage that each number of gain (30 & 34) represents in relation to the whole (64), we get 53.125% of the total for the righteous (34) and 46.875% for the deniers (30). The sum of digits (sod) for 53125 is 16, the sod for 46875 is 30 — the same as the number we started with! — and if we add the two, we get 46, the total number of chromosomes (a double of 23 forming 46 paired sets) in human DNA, as if to say this is how humans are divided. Note now we have two numerical references to genetics. And if we add the two numbers (53125 + 46875) we get 100,000, the highest number mentioned in the Quran. Although any two sets of percentages will get some 100-related number, it required this number of digits (5) to get this number. It implies Allah’s will related this issue to all of life in some way. 

Think of paradise as being the only place where life exists in Al-Akhira, the Finality, the Hereafter. The existence of those in hell are described as “neither living nor dead” in the Quran. Thus, the genetic code of all life, represented in the number of its codons or “building blocks,” 64, is transferred to Paradise in eternity on Judgment Day, where it is given transcendent qualities, augmented in ways beyond our imagination. The Quran describes the people in paradise saying “this is what we were provided with before” regarding fruits or other provisions in paradise. (2:25) This aya then directly indicates a similarity between what is in paradise and what is on earth — represented in that code number 64, composed entirely of 2’s, as the exponent 2⁶. Our lives too are of course related to that very code. In fact, the number of our chromosomes, 23, is reflected in the reconfiguration of its digits as 2³ multiplied by itself to get 64. 

The number 30, the increase the deniers had in this world, is indeed a multiple of ten, but it is not one of the basic counts of words or letters for the deniers. Hence it is lost to the deniers when they perish, per aya 11, and given to the righteous people in the Hereafter, added to their 34 increase to complete the “genetic code,” a numerical representation of “brought to life” in the Hereafter. 

The deniers lost their portion — all percentages are merely portions of one whole, and One as the most Unique and Essential of all numbers represents Allah Al-Wahad, the One. So whoever aimed their spending and efforts in this life “seeking the countenance of His Lord Most High” is the only one who succeeds by achieving approval from the only One that counts or matters (in math or “matter”). It’s “winner takes all” in the Hereafter. The whole Quran makes this abundantly clear, but these numbers give us a numerical expression of that. 

The number 34 is also a number strongly associated with Al-Raheem, the All-Merciful — the name Al-Raheem is mentioned 34 times in the Quran and the adjective raheem is mentioned 3⁴ times in the Quran. The name “Allah” has 3 unique letters in a 4-letter name where the repeated letter that makes it 4 (associated with 4 chambers in the heart) is lam whose grammatical function as a prepositional letter means to “for/of/to” as in “connect to,” and when used in connection to Allah, the lam replaces the alif (“A”), thus maintaining the 4-letter form of the name but this time with 3 lams in a 4-letter name. This prioritizes connecting with Allah the Exalted, showing us that only Allah is connected to all things. But it also shows us in this reference above that here the number 34 symbolically represents mercy from the All-Merciful, the forgiveness often mentioned in the Quran as the first thing the believers attain in the Hereafter. The primary connection between humans and Allah is the channel of His mercy, which as Al-Rahman the Almighty opens His power of reciprocity and knowledge to respond to our du’as and help us in ways only the All-Knowing could. 

The number of the righteous person’s total words and letters in the Hereafter section is 90, the highest single-digit number increased tenfold, a Divine or celestial increase as explained here. It is also exactly twice the count of the deniers’ letter count in the Hereafter section. 

The total count for Allah’s introduction in 1-4 matches the righteous’ letters in B’ – 72 or 6×12 – as if to show us the righteous paid attention (letters, their input) to Allah’s guidance (12) for humanity (6), focusing on Allah and the Hereafter.

The amazing numbers of B (dunya) total — 28, 100, 128 — shows us the great care Allah the All-Merciful has given to us in this world — 28 is composite (4•7) which matches the bluegreen (righteous) section total 28.

The total of letters in section B (this world), 100, is in the Quran a most celestial number. Because such numbers are associated with Allah’s help, guidance, and “input” in this life as well as the next, this shows that He is very much actively guiding and helping people towards becoming among the reverent and away from denial. Which we know from the Quran’s meaningful words. 

The total section B words are 28 (4•7), and the total of both words and letters, 128 (2^7) is a highly “fertile” number: 2•64, twice the number of codons (64) in the genetic code — all pointing to the “synergy” between the word and letter counts when combined. This is even reinforced in its prime factorization using exponents: 2 to the 7th power where a 7th power is also a “celestial” element. The number 128 has a sum of digits (sod) of 11, which is also the sum of digits of the sura number 92.

Speaking of celestial numbers, we shall examine this idea as a possible interpretation of multiples of ten in this sura. The key is to find the ten multiples specific to the righteous as compared to the deniers, but some of the totals fall into “neutral” categories whose sums include both. Below I have categorized those multiples of ten in “neutral” sections separately from those that are entirely in the bluegreen or orange sections. If a specific multiple of ten is bluegreen or orange, even as part of the total of another larger category, it is counted separately for the party it refers to. 

Multiples of 10 as “Celestial Numbers”

The concept of multiples of ten having “celestial” value has a basis in this aya:

Al-An’am 6:160

مَن جَآءَ بِٱلۡحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُۥ عَشۡرُ أَمۡثَالِهَاۖ وَمَن جَآءَ بِٱلسَّيِّئَةِ فَلَا يُجۡزَىٰٓ إِلَّا مِثۡلَهَا وَهُمۡ لَا يُظۡلَمُونَ

Whosoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof; but whosoever brings an evil deed shall be recompensed only with the like thereof, and they shall not be wronged. 

This multiplication of the “credit” for good deeds gives an advantage to those who do them, so that even if they commit bad deeds the effect will be mitigated. And so we tally the “multiples of ten,” treating this as the “currency” in the Hereafter. Note that these are just word and letter counts. Who writes any text with such things in mind? It feels presumptuous to put stock into this, yet I keep finding meaning and value in the results, which are quite astounding. 

Neutral Sections Totals – multiples of ten

  • 490 (total words, letters, + sura number)
  • 200 (total Dunya half)
  • 20 (words in matched set totals)
  • 10 (verses in unmatched sets)
  • 100 (B total letters)
  • 40 (A’ total words + letters)
  • 860 TotalNeutral Sections” 

Bluegreen Sections totals – multiples of ten

  • 10 (B bluegreen words)
  • 90 (B’ bluegreen total)
  • 20 (words in verse 92:20) 
  • 20 (total words + letters in verse 92:5)
  • 140 Total Bluegreen sections

Orange Sections totals – multiples of ten

  • – 0 – Total Orange sections

Total Value of All Multiples of Ten in Sura 92 Counts

  • 860 + 140 = 1,000

Considering that these are counts that include metrics from three main separate and different ways of organizing the counts — by type (Divine, righteous human, denier human), by chiastic structure (based on two main parts, Dunya “this world” and Akhira “the Hereafter”), and by the unusual feature of this sura, the matched/unmatched sets — the number 1,000 is stunning. This is a text that conveys a message, not some mathematical formula, and the main divisions were based on their meaning not any numbers per se; only the matched sets were based on a structural feature (which itself relates to the meaning). And these are both letter and number counts, a way of counting meaningful text, but mathematically redundant. It was a complex structure that took quite awhile for me to analyze, do the counts and the subsequent math, re-check them over and over, and check for inconsistencies in the method. I never expected this. 

Except that the zero value for the deniers was an expected conclusion since no orange section ayat had a multiple of ten. The logic here is that the “currency” of the Hereafter is in “multiples of ten,” as that is how Allah the Exalted Omniscient calculates our good deeds in this life per the above verse, increasing them tenfold, thus giving them celestial value to use toward the Hereafter. Whatever the denier did of good (helping others, hiring people and thus giving them a “living wage,” helping develop or improve society or the world) is negated if they did it for personal worldly gain such as a profit motive, or if they denied Allah’s goodness, power, mercy, agency, or existence and therefore were ungrateful. (There are exceptions to this, such as insanity or other mental disability, or those suffering extreme or disabling duress — and other exceptions Allah the Omniscient makes at His discretion, knowing our intent.) 

Thus the tenfold increase is valid only for those who acknowledge Allah and “trust in goodness” including trust in the Hereafter. The central reward in the Hereafter is in fact Allah’s glorious Presence, which the believers will be able to endure in the Hereafter. Those who literally reject Allah cannot enter into a state where He exists in His full Presence, because they have refused His mercy, without which they cannot be “purified” to that state required to endure it. It’s the Law of Reciprocity without which the universe and life itself could not exist; so denial of God results in denial of oneself. And again, Allah judges by what we do, and never in the sense of an outward appearance. 

Because the total is an even 1,000, one can easily compute the percentage of the total that is represented by the righteous people: 14%, the 86% being the total from Allah’s side: His encompassing mercy. This number 86 is also the number of total words in this sura, representing Allah’s input! This 14% then represents the relative percentage of free will/ choice. It interestingly could fit the expression “the seven of the dual” or “seven of the pairs” in 15:87. It’s often also translated “seven of the oft-repeated” and those were interpreted to refer to Al-Fatiha, which I have also interpreted as having matched and unmatched pairs. In fact, Al-Fatiha has an interpretive correlation in that its first aya, the Basmalah, is the “crown” of the sura representing Allah the Exalted as the One to whom we prostrate, and reflects this sura’s message that we must direct our deeds and worship to Allah and for His countenance. 

Note that the number for the total words+letters for the righteous in the Hereafter (90) is twice the letters for the deniers in the Hereafter (45). The difference in words between the two is 7 more for the righteous, a significant number. The word count for the orange deniers in B (this world) is the same as for the bluegreen righteous in B’ (Hereafter): 18, showing they each got an equivalency: just what they aimed and worked for, each achieving their goal. But the difference in letters is…11. 

Matched Verse Sets Form a Third Structure

This sura has two basic organizational structures thus far based on categories, one by type (Divine role, righteous human and denier human); and one by time frame (this life/dunya and the Hereafter/akhira). But here’s an unusual outstanding structural element that could only be evident by examining the word and letter counts: 5  sets of ayat — 4 pairs and 1 set of 3 — that match in having exactly the same word and letter count, which I refer to as Matched Verses in the graphic below. Because they perfectly match in size as measured by words and letters per verse, one can infer there is a correlation between them. This then forms a third organizational structure within the other two, the matched sets comprising 11 verses and the unmatched are 10 verses. The graphic below helps to see which verses these are and visualize what connects their meanings, explained in details below. 

The verse numbers on the left show the original color-coding for reference, but the verses themselves are only colored in the matched sets to avoid confusion. Each set is explained in order of the first verse of each set below arranged by verse numbers only:

1 and 16: “By the night when it enshrouds” matches “The one who denies and turns away” in that to “cover/enshroud” is the same meaning as the root of the Arabic kafara, translated here “denies.” Both are different ways of “covering up” but using different words in Arabic. Thus the introductory first verse can refer to “night” in the sense of the “darkness of the soul” which denies Allah and the Hereafter. Indeed in the Hereafter the deniers will be in darkness and beg for light from the believers, but such light has been prohibited from them. Light then becomes (or is shown to be) itself the value that was denied

4, 6, and 9: “Indeed your efforts are diverse” matches the two diverging attitudes expressed as “And trusts in goodness” and “And denies goodness.” Allah’s observation about how people choose one of the “two ways” — (90:10) “[Have we not] shown him the two ways?” — is that such a choice begins with an attitude: will he trust in or deny “goodness?” Here husnaa (translated “goodness”) could refer to the final “good” reward in the Hereafter (paradise), which the kafir denies exists, so puts his trust in this world only, excluding the possibility of such a reward, thus not seeking it. It also could refer to “goodness” as “the best of what is good” in the higher sense, i.e. that being a morally good person in one’s actions and attitude is worth the effort, or will benefit him. Rejection or denial of this understanding paves the way for criminality or immoral behavior, since he rejects the premise that moral behavior has any benefit for him. Both meanings are contained in the word husnaa.

7 and 10: “We shall ease his way unto ease” and “We shall ease his way unto hardship” are clearly a matched set, showing the two opposite results of choosing or rejecting al-husnaa are from Allah: trusting in Allah’s reward for good and helpful behavior results in an easy path to Allah and His paradise, denying it puts one on a path of self-destruction and causing harm to others, a difficult path resulting in the Hereafter as hellfire — unless one reversed course, a hard but not impossible change to make. 

11 and 19: “And his wealth shall not avail him when he perishes” relates to “Not recompensing any for a favor thereby” when one understands the latter to mean seeking no worldly/monetary gain or reward for a favor or good deed. Both involve the seeking of worldly gain or wealth: this is the goal/aim of the denier, but not the aim of the righteous. The clear-cut dichotomy here allows no in-between. The righteous are also not “allowed” to get away with doing their “good deeds” for reasons other than “the face/acceptance of Allah.” (92:20) This means basically that giving in charity should have no strings attached. If it is done, for example, for show, to improve one’s business, or just to show off, as with celebrity charity galas which may be for self-promotion — this is really about the intention in one’s heart. Is it for Allah, from “the goodness of your heart,” or for “good publicity?” Do you expect a public show of thanks in return?

15 and 18: “None shall have it but the wicked” matches as the opposite of “The one who gives his wealth to purify himself” in that they are opposites, as are indeed all of these pairs, the key connection here being the sense of purification. “It” in verse 15 refers to verse 14’s blazing fire, which is how the wicked are “purified” because they did not “purify” themselves by giving from their wealth. In the Hereafter, Allah becomes manifest and only the “purified” can enjoy His glorious Presence and light. This itself is the total difference between this world and the Hereafter. No human can endure the physical Presence of Allah in this world. Allah resurrects the believers, those who “purified” themselves by giving from their wealth (“purification” being the root meaning of “zakat,” the obligatory charitable contributions), to be enabled in the Hereafter to be in His Presence. The deniers, on the other hand, are excluded from His presence, and their very existence is a continuous putrefaction and burning process, neither alive nor dead. Such a horrific outcome is for the worst of the worst. They will understand on Judgment Day that they earned this outcome and were deluded. With the emphasis on wealth, I should mention the poor are obviously exempt from zakat and indeed are the recipients of zakat and charity. Their path to Allah is through prayer and piety and giving of non-monetary resources such as knowledge, good advice, a kind word, help in doing tasks, even a smile or encouragement to someone feeling sad. Allah does not hold anyone accountable for what he was incapable of doing. 

For so many ayat to have matching letter and number counts shows the precision of the Quran’s textual arrangements, particularly striking in this sura. These sets make important connections we might otherwise miss, such as between the night’s “covering” (v.1) and the “covering” of delusion (v.16) — for those who believe there’s nothing but this worldly life, “that’s all there is, …so let’s keep dancing…break out the booze and have us a ball” — which seems to many an obvious reality, one they believe to be “clear as day.” But Allah shows to be the opposite. 

And the connection between verses 11 and 19 compares seeking the wealth of this world, which becomes worthless, with charity done for a “worldly” return where it becomes more of a “favor” than a “gift,” hence invalidating it. Out of 21 verses, 11 are matched to other verses, and 10 remain, making these a slight majority, an unusual finding. 

Totals for Matched Sets & Analysis

The total for all matched sets as a separate group are below:

  • 45  (3²•5) words  – matching the total for the orange part of B’ representing the deniers in eternity, indicating these sets are basically a warning as indicated by a different metric also below
  • 173 (prime) letters (92 – the sura number – in first half, the other half being 81 (3⁴, the number of mentions of the adjective raheem), the difference being 11
  • 186 total (2•3•31). 

Of the 11 matched-set verses, 

  • 7 ayat are in the dunya (this world) section and 
  • 4 are in the Hereafter section, noting 7×4=28, a number significant in these counts (see below). 

Of the 11 matched-set verses, 

  • 2 are in the yellow sections, 
  • 4 in the bluegreen, and 
  • 5 in the orange, showing the deniers overall dominate as a type, as does the dunya even more so, indicating that these matched sets form a warning. But if one combines the support of Allah represented in the yellow sections with the bluegreen “believers” sections where that help was received, the result is 6 vs 5 for the deniers, and thus with the help of Allah the righteous ultimately are the winners. Because they sought His help and heeded his advice and guidance. And in the Hereafter, it’s winner take all. 

Considering the bluegreen and orange verse counts above (4 & 5), they add to 9; the remaining digit from the yellow section is 2, forming (by placement) the sura number 92. Another example of how the sura number is referenced, here indicating how the humans’ diverse efforts (9) plus Allah’s input (2) are the subject matter of this sura.

The 11/10 ratio of matched/unmatched verses divides into 

  • 5 matched sets (11 ayat)
  • 10 (2•5) “unmatched” verses, of which 
  • 5 are in the yellow section, 
  • 3 in the bluegreen section, and 
  • 2 in the orange section, making a
  • Perfect equivalency as 5=3+2 for unmatched sets, added as 5+5=10, and 
  • the 5 matched sets thus adds another “unit” of 5, symbolizing “hands”; as well as a “set of 3 matched verses” + a “set of 4 pairs of matched verses” — a {3,4} set. 

Comparing Major Groupings

The two major groupings — the color-coded (Divine, righteous, and denier) and ring compositional (this world and the Hereafter) groups are close to evenly divided, especially in the word counts, which we’ve previously shown to relate to “Allah’s commands/words.” All these sections have 7 ayat each. 

  • B: 28 words, 100 letters, total 128 
  • B’: 29 words, 117 letters, total 146 
  • *Yellow/A: 29 words, 95 letters, total 124 
  • Bluegreen: 28 words, 111 letters, 139 total
  • Orange: 29 words, 106 letters, 135 total 

All word counts are either 28 or 29, both numbers associated with lunar months: 28 with the sidereal lunar cycle (by actual revolution as indicated by observing the stars, 27.32 days) and 29 with the synodic one (by observing its apparent phases, 29.53 days) which is used for the lunar Hijri calendar. These numbers are symbolically associated with time: the sidereal 28-day cycle is used in the Farmer’s Almanac for its relationship to fertility cycles (“yin”/yielding); the synodic 29-day cycle is used to actually mark time, a pursuit involving both observation and abstract reasoning/math, a “yang” pursuit. 

The number 28 is composite (4•7) or divisible, a property one could describe as yin/yielding, also symbolic of fertility/life and being “hydrophilic” (permeable by water); whereas 29 is prime or indivisible, one could describe as yang/unyielding, associated with properties such as being “hydrophobic” (impermeable by water). The number 28 then makes sense for the section for “this life” B which depends on water, as well as for those (bluegreen) granted Paradise, where water is the featured element mentioned in the Quran. The section for Allah’s authority clearly relates to being “indivisible” as One; the Hereafter B’ is inevitably decreed (impermeable), and the deniers in hell are “neither living nor dead,” and in the element of fire (opposite to water and life). 

*Note that the yellow sections are the same by design in both the ring compositional structure and the color-coded one, showing Allah’s role is a constant in this world and the Hereafter so there’s only one count. This is also a reflection of Allah’s being Indivisible, One. Only the humans’ paths diverge. 

In conclusion, this sura is so tightly integrated to the point where the word and number counts themselves are also integrated into its theme in complex and amazing ways. 

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