The number 100 is mentioned in the Quran 10 times in 7 verses. Its meaning therein, according to its usage, is shown in the following verses to have a celestial value that augments that which it “touches” in some way. For each verse, I point out the number of mentions of the word “hundred” itself, the value of “hundred(s)” in context of the verse’s meaning or simply its mentions, and the overall count of the numbers in each verse as a separate category. Also discussed are additional relevant (or interesting) details. The overall counts can show us additional information regarding the celestial value of certain numbers and how they are presented in the Quran, applicable to other verses and number combinations as well.
The Celestial Power of 100 in 7 Verses
أَوۡ كَٱلَّذِى مَرَّ عَلَىٰ قَرۡيَةٍ وَهِىَ خَاوِيَةٌ عَلَىٰ عُرُوشِهَا قَالَ أَنَّىٰ يُحۡىِۦ هَٰذِهِ ٱللَّهُ بَعۡدَ مَوۡتِهَاۖ فَأَمَاتَهُ ٱللَّهُ مِاْئَةَ عَامٍ ثُمَّ بَعَثَهُۥۖ قَالَ كَمۡ لَبِثۡتَۖ قَالَ لَبِثۡتُ يَوۡمًا أَوۡ بَعۡضَ يَوۡمٍۖ قَالَ بَل لَّبِثۡتَ مِاْئَةَ عَامٍ فَٱنظُرۡ إِلَىٰ طَعَامِكَ وَشَرَابِكَ لَمۡ يَتَسَنَّهْۖ وَٱنظُرۡ إِلَىٰ حِمَارِكَ وَلِنَجۡعَلَكَ ءَايَةً لِّلنَّاسِۖ وَٱنظُرۡ إِلَى ٱلۡعِظَامِ كَيۡفَ نُنشِزُهَا ثُمَّ نَكۡسُوهَا لَحۡمًاۚ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُۥ قَالَ أَعۡلَمُ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ قَدِيرٌ
Or [consider such an example] as the one who passed by a township which had fallen into ruin. He said, “How will Allah bring this to life after its death?” So Allah caused him to die for a hundred years; then He revived him. He said, “How long have you remained?” The man said, “I have remained a day or part of a day.” He said, “Rather, you have remained one hundred years. Look at your food and your drink; it has not changed with time. And look at your donkey; and We will make you a sign for the people. And look at the bones [of this donkey] – how We raise them and then We cover them with flesh.” And when it became clear to him, he said, “I know that Allah is over all things competent.”
1. Here 100 is mentioned in reference to resurrection, where a man who questioned it was made to die for 100 years by Allah, who then revived him back to life, and he then of course was convinced. The word “hundred” is mentioned 2x, the total value of hundreds here is then 200, also the total number count.
مَّثَلُ ٱلَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمۡوَٰلَهُمۡ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنۢبَتَتۡ سَبۡعَ سَنَابِلَ فِى كُلِّ سُنۢبُلَةٍ مِّاْئَةُ حَبَّةٍۗ وَٱللَّهُ يُضَٰعِفُ لِمَن يَشَآءُۗ وَٱللَّهُ وَٰسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
2. Here in 2:261 (2 ayat after the above) the reference to spending wealth in Allah’s path is compared to a miraculous increase evident in Allah’s creation. How Allah multiplies here on earth is thus given a celestial value. The word “hundred” is mentioned once (1x), but its value in the meaning of this verse its value is increased to 700; the total account for numbers as a separate category is 707 (7•101, 101 being the closest prime to 100). Seven is often also used in the Quran as a celestial number (7 heavens, 7 gates of hell, the 7 in Allah’s ordained drought/plenty event in Egypt miraculously interpreted in the king’s dream by Prophet Yusuf/Joseph).
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّبِىُّ حَرِّضِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ عَلَى ٱلۡقِتَالِۚ إِن يَكُن مِّنكُمۡ عِشۡرُونَ صَٰبِرُونَ يَغۡلِبُواْ مِاْئَتَيۡنِۚ وَإِن يَكُن مِّنكُم مِّاْئَةٌ يَغۡلِبُوٓاْ أَلۡفًا مِّنَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِأَنَّهُمۡ قَوۡمٌ لَّا يَفۡقَهُونَ
O Prophet, urge the believers to battle. If there are among you twenty [who are] steadfast, they will overcome two hundred. And if there are among you one hundred [who are] steadfast, they will overcome a thousand of those who have disbelieved because they are a people who do not understand.
3. Here Allah tells Prophet Mohammad how He supports His believers: 20 steadfast believers will overcome 200 deniers and 100 believers will overcome 1,000 deniers. This shows us how literally the celestial value of faith can multiply the power and effect of one’s deeds tenfold by Allah’s will. The total count of “hundred” mentioned here is 2x as a “word” and 300 (100+200) as a “value.” The total count of these numbers as a separate item is 1,320 (2•3•11•10 or 2•2•3•5•11). Also regarding urging believers to fight the deniers: this type of war is not over “belief” but over denier aggression against monotheists/ ppl of faith, to uphold their right to worship freely as well as to assert their values as higher than those of the deniers, thus benefiting humankind by encouraging goodwill and charitable behavior.
ٱلۡـَٰٔنَ خَفَّفَ ٱللَّهُ عَنكُمۡ وَعَلِمَ أَنَّ فِيكُمۡ ضَعۡفًاۚ فَإِن يَكُن مِّنكُم مِّاْئَةٌ صَابِرَةٌ يَغۡلِبُواْ مِاْئَتَيۡنِۚ وَإِن يَكُن مِّنكُمۡ أَلۡفٌ يَغۡلِبُوٓاْ أَلۡفَيۡنِ بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِۗ وَٱللَّهُ مَعَ ٱلصَّٰبِرِينَ
Now, Allah has lightened [the hardship] for you, and He knows that among you is weakness. So if there are from you one hundred [who are] steadfast, they will overcome two hundred. And if there are among you a thousand, they will overcome two thousand by permission of Allah . And Allah is with the steadfast.
4. Here in the very next verse, 8:66, the situation has changed. Allah “has lightened the hardship for you” giving them already an advantage (using thousands) — but still knows there is weakness among them, so augments them with hundreds, but this time twofold. So the word “hundred” is mentioned twice (2x), and the total value of those hundreds is 300. The total numerical value of numbers in this verse is 3,300, showing that despite the lower value of the increase — from tenfold to twofold — the actual numerical value produced is significantly greater because Allah has already “lightened the hardship.” This also shows us that Allah does not use His celestial power to give an unfair advantage even to the believers, but only to strengthen them when they are at a disadvantage. His assistance is commensurate with need. Eminently fair!
وَلَبِثُواْ فِى كَهۡفِهِمۡ ثَلَٰثَ مِاْئَةٍ سِنِينَ وَٱزۡدَادُواْ تِسۡعًا
And they remained in their cave for three hundred years and exceeded by nine.
5. Here the word “hundred” is mentioned within the number of years the “people of the cave” slept in the cave, a miraculous event by Allah’s will, hence a celestial number. The actual “hundreds” number 300 is “added 9” to it — which happens to be the exact difference between lunar and solar years for this number: 300 solar years = 309 lunar years (approximately, using whole numbers). So the word is mentioned once (1x), its “hundreds” value is 300, and the total numerical value in this verse is 309, the lunar years. Like verse 2:259 above, this verse relates to increments of time (years).
ٱلزَّانِيَةُ وَٱلزَّانِى فَٱجۡلِدُواْ كُلَّ وَٰحِدٍ مِّنۡهُمَا مِاْئَةَ جَلۡدَةٍۖ وَلَا تَأۡخُذۡكُم بِهِمَا رَأۡفَةٌ فِى دِينِ ٱللَّهِ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأٓخِرِۖ وَلۡيَشۡهَدۡ عَذَابَهُمَا طَآئِفَةٌ مِّنَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ
The [unmarried] woman or [unmarried] man found guilty of sexual intercourse – lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of Allah, if you should believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.
6. This verse refers to the punishment for a man and woman guilty of sexual intercourse outside of marriage, in which both parties are equally guilty. The punishment is 100 lashes each, so it is mentioned once (1x) as a word but its value as well as numerical total for this verse is 200.
This may seem like more of an “earthly” value because it is a very painful physical punishment applied to this life, but so are in a sense battles in war, and here it is likewise ordained by Allah, even given special additional requirements for the punishment itself to be witnessed, both ensuring its implementation and making it a deterrent. Thus the celestial number 100 is applied here.
And there’s more: this implies, consistent with other Quranic ayat, that sexual intercourse is a sacred act of procreation to be protected as such by marriage as a sacred covenant (mithaq ghaleeth) between two people (man and woman, for procreation). The Arabic word is the same one used to refer to the covenant between bani Isra’il (“children of Israel/Jacob”) and God/Allah, showing us how binding and sacred it is, giving it a celestial value. The punishment for adultery involving married people is actually less strict and in some ways lighter in the Quran (no “lashes” mentioned and a requirement of 4 witnesses to the act, not required here), contrary to some erroneous hadiths claiming it to be stoning to death (usually enforced for women among those who believe in this, showing us this is to appease men whose rage against their wives desires that a much more severe Divine enforcement be imposed). The reason for this would be to protect the marriage bond even if it had been betrayed, as well as to protect women and families from the male tendency to suspect his wife without knowing as well as vice versa; protecting the children and the family unit is ultimately a priority.
وَأَرۡسَلۡنَٰهُ إِلَىٰ مِاْئَةِ أَلۡفٍ أَوۡ يَزِيدُونَ
And We sent him to [his people of] a hundred thousand or more.
7. This verse refers to Prophet Yunus (Jonah), and not in sura 10 bearing his name but in sura 37, Al-Saffat, which speaks mainly of the angels and events in the celestial realm. It refers to the number of people in his community — 100,000, all of whom became believers after Yunus’ returned to them miraculously and saved by Allah from the belly of the whale/fish (the word huut in Arabic is not specific to whale or fish but any similarly shaped sea creature, some speculating it may have been a large shark).
This is the only instance where the Quran mentions all those in any prophet’s community/nation became believers; the other outstanding narratives all speak of how those to whom prophets were sent rejected them or rebelled against them or even killed them.
Prophet Yunus’ people were the same at first, to the point that he, in frustration, left them, literally just walked away from them then took a ship to sail even further away when a severe storm struck them and they drew lots to see whom they would essentially throw overboard to save the rest, and Yunus was the one. His return to his people after this — requiring his complete repentance for having abandoned his Divine mandate as a prophet (the only such example described in the Quran) — must have struck them as on a par with resurrection from the dead as a miracle, and he must have told them what happened as well. So they all submitted in faith to Allah, itself by Allah’s will a miracle. The word “hundred” is mentioned once (1x), its value augmented a thousandfold to 100,000 — also the overall numerical value. This is exponentially the largest increase by far using the number 100. In fact, this is the largest number mentioned in the Quran. And it is followed by the words “or more,” showing this is an estimate, and a “lowball” one at that, not saying “more or less.” An impressive 7th and final aya discussing the number 100.
Because it’s so impressive, take a look at the aya number that mentions it, 37:147. The number 147 is factored 3•7•7, not only impressive as a number that is a multiple of 7 in itself, and also the 7th verse in the list of those mentioning 100, but look at the factors and see that the sura number is there too in the first two digits! If you add the two 7’s that are factors, you get the first two digits of “147.” Leaving behind none other than a 7. Or you can consider the “37” as sufficient in itself and add the remaining seven to the one in 147, thus obtaining the 14. Or let’s try adding 37+147=184 — whose prime factorization is: 2³ x 23. The number of human chromosomes is 23 — here configured in two ways: as 23 and 2³ both using the same digits. (The Quran frequently does this. Also note how the period of revelation for Prophet Mohammad was also 23 years.) And here in this aya we have an “exponential value” for an exemplary/symbolic group of humankind, all of whom believed, so the meaning of the aya and its reference number have a very special connection that couldn’t possibly have been made at the time the Quran was sent.
And because I’m probably at this point a total nerd, let’s consider the reference as a single number written out in place values: 37,147. Here’s its factorization: Factors: 1, 11, 121, 307, 3377, 37147. Prime factorization being 11•11•307. I’m in awe, but won’t venture an interpretation. Somehow the 37 managed to show up with a zero in between. It too is a celestial number, as anyone who reads its sura can attest; with its own online heaven, some of which is not Islamic but food for thought. But I digress…
The mentions of hundred as a word in the Quran: 10.
The value of all hundreds, taken separately, mentioned in the Quran: 102,000. (2•3•17•1000)
The total numerical value in all 100-mentioning verses, taken separately (includes the value of all hundreds so it is redundant and shouldn’t be added to the above): 106,036. (4•7•7•541) sum of digits:7
Conclusion: Ten and its powers, being the base of the number system used in the Quran, all have celestial value in the Quran, as shown in the examples above.