Extensive studies have been made regarding mathematical miracles, text-number relationships or elements, numerological patterns, structural details, and other aspects of the Quran, but none of these I’ve read is like this article regarding the Quran Constant by Dr. Khaled M. S. Faqih (a professor at Al al-Bayt University in Jordan) in the Journal of Arts and Humanities, which can also be downloaded as a pdf. Essentially, the Quran Constant QC is a number which is key to preserving the text of the Quran from any distortion whatsoever. The author’s expertise in systems analysis gives him the sophisticated mathematics understanding to develop such a constant using the Uthmani manuscript, which is both authenticated (in close relationship to the Birmingham Manuscript) and has been extensively analyzed by a team under the guidance of Dr. Al-Kaheel from which studies the numbers used were derived. Below is a summarizing description of the constant, its major perimeters, and what it does. It is nothing short of miraculous.
Elements Used to Determine the Quran Constant
The author’s goal was to provide indisputable proof of the Quran’s Divine Authorship using all Quranic elements, which he defined as being three:
- The Quranic text, consisting of 114 suras, 6236 verses, 86967 words and 322604 letters
- the 112 un-numbered Bismillahs (each Bismillah has 4 words and 19 letters) which consist of 448 words and 2128 letters
- the names of the 114 chapters which consist of 115 words (chapter Al-Iimran is a two-worded name) and 652 letters (he considers these names as Divinely ordained)
He also uses the abjad system of “numerology” (which his usage implies meaning a study of numerical interrelationships outside the usual confines of “mathematics” such as intertextual studies, yet operating within its basic principles) because it is an ancient system in use at the time of Quranic revelation, and one the author deems “mathematically promising.” One aspect of that system he did not mention but which is relevant to this study is that it uses letters to represent numbers, hence providing a system to connect the Quran, composed entirely of text, and mathematics, which is solely concerned with numbers.
Also, more importantly, the majority of studies conducted through this (Abjad) numerical system have used this crucial numeral system naively and superficially. Indeed, these (prior) studies have not been sophisticated enough to make full use of its great potential and important characteristics. Certainly, this is the first study to unlock the relevance of this numeral decimal system to the Quran numerology.https://theartsjournal.org/index.php/site/article/view/1192/583
How It Is Computed
The first step in the current study is to calculate the total Abjad value (AV) of the Quran, and this is equal to the sum of the Abjad values of the three divine components of the Quran as already mentioned (above). First, … the calculated Abjad value of the Quran (114 chapters, 6236 verses, 86967 words and 322604 letters) equals 23378278. Second, the total Abjad value of the 19 letters that constitute the Bismillah is 786, thus the total Abjad value of the 112 un-numbered Bismillahs is (=112×786) 88032. Third, the total Abjad value of the 652 letters of the names of the 114 chapters is 40234. Finally, the total Abjad value (AV) of the Holy Quran is the sum of the three components (23378278+88032+40234) which equals 23506544. … , the total Abjad value of the whole Quran acts as a protection mechanism to protect the Quranic text from human tampering and addition.https://theartsjournal.org/index.php/site/article/view/1192/583
Next, he calculates
the total sum of the number of every individual verse, for example, chapter 1 has 7 verses so its sum is 1+2+3+4+5+6+7=28 and chapter 2 has 286 verses so its sum is 1+2+3+…+286=41041, and this goes through the rest of the Quran giving the final total of 333667: a unique prime number in its own right. Apparently, the cumulative sum of verse numbers of the Quran (333667) plays a central role in protecting the organizational structure of the Quran from distortion of its physical arrangement.
Finally, he calculates the QC using this equation:
Quranic Connection to the Golden Ratio
Dr. Faqih describes the Golden Ratio as having a connection to the Creator, and is therefore interested in the relationship between the Quran Constant and that fascinating number, shortened to 1.618. Here he uses the equation below to demonstrate there indeed is a relationship between the Quran and the golden ratio. Using the chapter number 114 as a standard Quranic reference known to Muslims generally (and representing the Quran in the Quran itself as I’ve suggested in my analysis of Surat Al-Zalzala), he uses a relationship between sura count and the QC in the following equation:
The Quran Constant as a ratio of 114 thus derives a clear and unequivocal relationship with the Golden Ratio! (Considering it was derived using an ancient system such as the abjad numbers, one would not expect a closer correspondence with the ratio in modern mathematical terms of extensive non-repeating decimals.)
What the QC Does
The Quran Constant will instantaneously expose any slight distortion of the Quran’s text or physical structure/arrangement. Overall, the Quran Constant can be considered as the numerical value that represents the mathematical design of the Quran from both textual and organizational structure perspective.https://theartsjournal.org/index.php/site/article/view/1192/583
This is because it can be used mathematically to actually obtain the exact whole number of words, letters, and chapters! The author uses a series of equations to obtain the results (in the pdf text itself, too cumbersome to reproduce here because of the symbols, it would be all done in pictures, as were the above equations). The results are accurate with only trivial decimal values, hence I say “whole numbers.” It also can derive a close approximation to pi in certain relationships as I noticed in the article’s equation section. The mathematics and its system forms a foolproof protection system wherein any alteration of the text in any way, including the order, of words, letters, chapters, chapter titles, or unnumbered Basmalah’s, would be exposed. Such a system and Constant indeed is earth-shaking, and its discovery richly deserves more public attention. It is well-worth your time to view the pdf accessible from this link, also mentioned above.
Sample figure showing mathematical relationships:
As you can see, a mathematically sophisticated system has been derived here that could not possibly have been devised and incorporated into the Quran by a human being, let alone a human being living at the time of prophet Mohammad (pbuh).
Final Note: One of the numbers used in these calculations is 333667. The author writes:
This number, 333667, will be the cornerstone of this study since its value has a direct influence on the organizational structure/arrangement of the Quran. Surprisingly, this number has many unique attributes and characteristics that make it one of the most important, if not THE most important six-digit prime number. As far as the Quran is concerned, the sum of its digits (3+3+3+6+6+7) equals 28 (which is the total number of Arabic alphabets) and this number (28) plays an important role in the forthcoming analysis of current study. Further, if we multiply each digit of this prime number with the next digit and add the results, it gives 114, and this equals the total number of the Quran chapters. Furthermore, this 6-digit prime number has many interesting mathematical properties that distinguish it from all 6-digit prime numbers. First, 333667 prime factor is the largest prime factor of the palindrome 12345678987654321. Second, the greatest prime factor of 9-digit repdigit is 333667. Third, when any 3-digit number is multiplied by 333667 and 3, the result will always be the same 3-digit number replicated 3 times. For example, 111x333667x3=111111111.